Covid-19, the Numbered Treaties & the Politics of Life
Author: Yellowhead Institute
Published: June 2020
“In many Crown-First Nation treaties and specifically the Numbered Treaties, there is reference to health care provisions. Referred to as a medicine chest in some cases or aid in others, this provision appears in written and oral versions of treaties. Why then, is it absent in the conversations around the COVID-19 pandemic and First Nations, when it is needed most? “
The pandemic has also drawn attention to the dysfunctional relationship between different levels of government and Indigenous governments. Indigenous communities and governments have expressed concerns regarding a lack of transparency, communication, and co-operation from the other levels in pandemic support planning and implementation.
How the COVID-19 Crisis Calls us Towards Reconciliation
Author: Jeff Denis
Published: June 4, 2020
COVID-19 has brought attention to the inequalities in Indigenous communities, such as the lack of clean drinking water, overcrowded housing and inadequate health-care access. Despite being aware of these inequalities, many non-Indigenous Canadians turn away from “Indigenous issues” seeking to return to “normalcy” which creates a barrier to change.
The pandemic provides an opportunity to move forward in a different direction, towards full reconciliation. This would mean respecting Indigenous nations’ political autonomy and jurisdiction, including the right to regulate who enters the community and on what terms. It would also mean providing the necessary funding and other supports to prevent and manage disease outbreaks.
Canada’s COVID-19 Blind Spots on Race, Immigration and Labour
Author: Aimée-Angélique Bouka and Yolande Bouka
Published: May 19, 2020
The low paid position in industries that are considered essential during the COVID-19 pandemic (sanitation, health care, and those in the food supply chain) are filled with women, recent immigrants, and racialized Canadians.
The individuals working in these positions are at great risk of negative health outcomes during this pandemic due to the environment of the workplace. Yet, the government does not collect the necessary data in Canada on the social determinants of health for racialized minorities. This article suggests why Canada should start collecting better health data that looks closely at the intersecting issues of race and immigration.
Colonialism of the Curve: Indigenous Communities and Bad Covid Data
Author: Courtney Skye
Published: May 12, 2020
The data available to inform Indigenous responses to Covid-19 has been insufficient. There is a clear absence of public data on how the pandemic is and will continue affecting Indigenous peoples. In Canada, cases of COVID-19 among Indigenous peoples are more than three times what is being reported. This report suggests that colonialism and division of power has led to many Indigenous people being ignored and left out of the data.
Indigenous Education: Modules
Learning modules have been created by the University of Toronto OISE Ontario Institute to help inspire educators and future teachers to develop a deeper understanding of Indigenous perspectives. These modules assist in teaching about Indigenous knowledge, worldviews and the key issues affecting Indigenous people in Canada.
The modules include:
- Indigenous Worldviews
- Indigenous Ways of Knowing
- Power and Representation: Stereotypes
- What is Reconciliation?
- A Short History of Indigenous Education
- We Are All Treaty People
Read more here: https://www.oise.utoronto.ca/abed101/modules/
Data gaps exist on COVID-19 cases in Indigenous communities, says research fellow
Authors: Jessica Deer, with Courtney Skye
Date: May 6, 2020
Leaders and academics have concerns the data being collected and reported on COVID-19 cases in Indigenous communities isn't presenting a full picture.
The number of cases of COVID-19 in First Nations reserves continues to rise this week, according to data reported by Indigenous Services Canada.
Covid-19 and Inuit Nunangat: Research, Responsibility & Infrastructure Inequality
Published: March 31, 2020
The Yellowhead Institute published an overview of the specific challenges and responses of the community leaders, organizations and government of the Inuit Nunangat. Given the centrality of Elders in Inuit communities, they suggest that they should be considered a high-risk group of people. Leaders of the Inuit Nunangat have also closed borders to their lands as an early response, and demanding 14-day self-isolation for anyone coming into communities.
Canada Is Ignoring the Gendered Impacts of COVID-19 on Indigenous Women
Author: Pam Palmater
Published: March 25, 2020
In this article, Pam Palmater highlights how current governmental responses ignored the gendred dynamics of the pandemic for Indigenous women. In light of the funding allocated to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities to respond to the crisis, no funding has been earmarked for addressing the specific realities of Indigenous women and girls. This ommission illustrates a pervasive patterns that enable ongoing violence against Indigenous women and girls.