Physically Isolated but Socially Connected: Psychological Adjustment andStress Among Adolescents During the Initial COVID-19 Crisis
Author: Wendy Ellis and Tara Dumas
The COVID-19 pandemic has created many new challenges in people's lives. Physical isolation combined with economic instability, fear of infection, and uncertainty for the future has had a profound impact on global mental health. This study observed the effect of the pandemic on adolescents stress levels, feelings of loneliness and depression.
Results suggested that adolescents are very concerned about the COVID-19 pandemic and are worried about returning to school as well as their social relationships. COVID-19 stress was found to be related to loneliness and depression, especially for adolescents who spend more time on social media. For adolescents with depressive symptoms, it may be important to monitor the supportiveness of online relationships
Read more here: https://psycnet.apa.org/fulltext/2020-50562-001.pdf
Schools after coronavirus: Seize ‘teachable moments’ about racism and inequities
Author: Ardavan Eizadirad and Steve Sider
Published: July 23, 2020
Coronavirus hasn’t caused the educational inequities that impact students. But it has shed light on how our most vulnerable communities are marginalized, silenced and oppressed systemically due to lack of access to opportunities perpetuated historically, socially, economically and politically via Canadian institutional policies and practices including by schooling.
For example, teachers and researchers have voiced concerns about the unequal impact of the virus on school closures. Students with access to supportive home environments or where parents enjoy financial security will find the challenges of the pandemic and at-home learning easier. Those with poor access to resources or considered to have special needs may find at-home learning not reflective of their learning needs.
Mental health impact of coronavirus pandemic hits marginalized groups hardest
Authors: Emily Jenkins, Anne Gadermann, Corey McAuliffe
Published: July 2020
Growing mental health challenges amid the pandemic illustrate how profoundly population-level mental health is shaped by the social determinants of health — the everyday conditions in which we live. Increases in mental health challenges have been attributed to months of physical distancing, growing job loss, economic uncertainty, housing and food insecurity and child care or school closures. Many of us are attempting to balance far too much, and it is taking a toll.
A Feminist Economic Recovery Plan for Canada: Making the Economy Work For Everyone
Author: YWCA Canada
Published: July 2020
The first phase of the pandemic’s economic downturn has shown that gender inequities are influencing who is bearing the brunt of the pandemic’s effects. The pandemic has revealed who is truly essential and the degree to which the caring economy, both paid and unpaid, underpins our entire economic system.
As Canada rebuilds, we can realign the economy around equity for all Canadians. The proposals in this report offer an intersectional perspective on how we can recover from this crisis and weather difficult times in the future, while ensuring the needs of all people in Canada are considered in the formation of policy.
Pandemic Experience in the Long-Term Care Sector: How Does Canada Compare With Other Countries?
Author: Canadian Institute for Health Information
Canada’s long-term care (LTC) sector has been especially hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. More than 840 outbreaks have been reported in LTC facilities and retirement homes, accounting for more than 80% of all COVID-19 deaths in the country (as of 9 p.m. ET on May 25, 2020). This analysis focuses on 3 areas of comparison:
- COVID-19 outcomes in LTC (cases and deaths);
- Baseline sector characteristics;
- Policy responses to address the pandemic.
An Anti-Racist Approach to Supporting Child Care Through COVID-19 and Beyond
Authors: Shiva SethiChristine Johnson-StaubKatherine Gallagher Robbins
Published: July 2020
Child care is a critical part of our country’s economy that helps parents work and supports children’s healthy development. However, decades of inadequate investment mean that most families struggle to find and afford high-quality care, despite child care workers receiving very low wages. Due to racism and discrimination, communities of color experience even worse effects of this underinvestment, creating inequities in access, quality, and compensation.
7,000 COVID-19 Deaths in Canadian Long-term Care Facilities Highlights Urgency of NIA Mission
Author: Lindsey Craig
Published: July 14, 2020
COVID-19 quickly spread through nursing and retirement homes from coast to coast. Within just a few months, approximately 7,000 people in long-term care facilities in Canada died from the virus, bringing the urgency of the NIA’s mission to light.
The NIA reported, that more than 80% of all COVID-19 deaths in the country occurred in long-term care facilities and retirement homes. According to Nicin, the root of the problem lies in the fact that Canada’s universal health-care system does not account for long-term care support.
How Racism Works During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Author: Yasmin Jiwani
Published: June, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic has intensified public attention to the unequal vulnerability of Indigenous and Black people and amplified other racialized inequalities inherent in society: from exposing exploitable labour in the front lines to inadequate care and resources.
This article describes how governments and institutions still deny the existence of structural racism in Canada, how we can name and evade racism and how it is used as a system of violence.
Blame, bullying and disrespect: Chinese Canadians reveal their experiences with racism during COVID-19
Author: Angus Reid Institute
Published: June 22, 2020
Across the country, assaults, verbal threats, graffiti and worse – all directed at people of Chinese (and other East Asian) descent – have been reported since the pandemic was declared.
Results from a survey of more than 500 Canadians of Chinese ethnicity indicated that 50% of respondents reported being called names or insulted as a direct result of the COVID-19 outbreak. 43% said that they had been threatened or intimidated. 30% reported being exposed to racist graffiti or messaging on social media since the pandemic began, while 29% said they had frequently been made to feel as though they posed a threat to the health and safety of others.
Read more here: http://angusreid.org/racism-chinese-canadians-covid19/
In Conversation: Lucy Gallo on Access, Adaptation and Resilience Among LGBTQI2S Youth
Author: Gaby Novoa
Published: June 29, 2020
The financial, physical and mental well-being of LGBTQI2S communities in Canada has been disproportionately impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. A national survey found that 42% of the LGBTQI2S community reported significant impacts on their mental health amid the crisis, compared with 30% of non-LGBTQI2S people.
Cruel Summer: 4 Reasons We Can’t Ignore Childcare Issues in the Pandemic
Author: Jessica Howard
Published: July 7, 2020
Seven out of 10 Canadian women are feeling more anxiety, depression, fatigue and isolation because of the increase in unpaid care work during the pandemic, says an Oxfam Canada survey.
This article lists four important reasons why we cannot ignore the increased childcare burden women face during the pandemic.
- It's undoing progress on gender equality
- It will impact Canada’s economic recovery
- Lack of childcare supports deepens social divides
- Increased health issues and lack of supports
Read more here: https://canadianwomen.org/blog/cruel-summer/
Economic Abuse: Hard to Spot, Harder to Recover From
Author: Natasha Bulowski
Published: June 30, 2020
Women in abusive relationships are experiencing long periods of isolation with their abusers during the pandemic along with limited access to support systems. These women are experiencing economic abuse as well. This includes controlling, exploiting and sabotaging not only a survivor’s income and finances, but also their access to transportation, education and employment, food, shelter or other non-financial assets.
The CCFWE and organizations like WomanACT are calling for more research on economic abuse in Canada, education initiatives to increase public awareness, and training for both social workers and financial institutions to spot the signs of economic abuse.
COVID-19, Canadians with disabilities, and the need for major reforms
Author: Michael Prince
Published: June, 2020
“Going forward, it is time the federal government be responsible for providing an adequate income security program for Canadians with disabilities, while enabling the provinces to invest in an affordable and safe supply of personal support and care services.”
This article describes the little action the government has taken to help people with disabilities in Canada during COVID-19 and how to address these limitations by examining major reform options.
Food Insecurity and Family Finances During the Pandemic
Author: Nadine Badets
Published: June 2020
The pandemic has created many economic repercussions and financial stressors for families in Canada. According to the Vanier Institute of the Family, between February and April about 1.3 million people in Canada were unemployed, with approximately 97% of the newly unemployed on temporary layoff, meaning they expect to go back to their jobs once the pandemic restrictions are relaxed.
Financial insecurities, such as these, can negatively impact access to food for low income families and exacerbate socio-economic inequities. The Vanier Institute of the Family also suggests factors such as health and disability status, level of social support and the limited availability of certain food products, also contribute to food insecurity during the COVID‑19 pandemic.
‘Normal’ Was Actually Not Great for a Lot of People
Author: Alice Wong
Published: June 15, 2020
“When the pandemic began in this country, it was like, “Don’t worry, it’s only life-threatening for those who are high-risk. It’s just a bad flu for the rest of us.” In this critical time, when scarcity is a reality, you see the hierarchy. Certain groups are valued over others. This is the world that so many disabled and chronically ill people already live in. Our lives are still seen as expendable.”
- Alice Wong
Check out this article where Alice Wong explains how the pandemic has made visible the many inequalities people with disabilities face daily. This pandemic has brought about many changes regarding accessibility that people with disabilities have been advocating for forever. A post-pandemic world must continue to be accessible in all domains.
Giving up Public Transit During the Coronavirus is a Luxury Many Canadians Can’t Afford
Author: Jeff Allen, Matthew Palm, and Steven Farber
Published: May 31, 2020
Canada’s most vulnerable residents are over-represented among travellers continuing to use public transit during the pandemic. Researchers surveyed 3,300 residents who rode transit regularly during Toronto’s first wave of COVID-19 cases.
Results indicated that privilege and socio-economic status greatly impacted who continued to use public transit services. Residents least likely to ride public transit were wealthier, whiter, more likely to have been born in Canada and less likely to have a disability compared to those who continue to ride.
Coronavirus: Canada Stigmatizes, Jeopardizes Essential Migrant Workers
Authors: Jenna Hennebry, C. Susana Caxaj, Janet McLaughlin and Stephanie Mayell
Published: June 3, 2020
COVID-19 has exposed just how essential migrant workers are to keep the economy going. Yet, despite their importance, they experience extreme risk for catching and spreading the virus. Many migrant workers are exposed to racism and stigmatization when they go to the stores, many are told not to leave the farm at all or will be dismissed, and many are living in crowded and unsanitary conditions.
These workers have expressed their concerns regarding crowded housing, lack of hand sanitizers and face masks and delays in accessing health care when workers show COVID-19 symptoms but are often ignored. The government must re-image public health to include the health of essential migrant workers.
Freedom for Some is Not Freedom for All: COVID-19, Institutions and Disability Rights
Author: Alice Wong
Published: June 2020
Freedom for some is not freedom for all. As the pressure increases to get life back to “normal”, more shops are re-opening, limits on gatherings are increasing and yet thousands of people continue to die in long term care settings and detention centers. To combat these outbreaks, governments need to launch investigations into outbreaks, mandate reporting of infections and deaths, have universal testing for all workers and residents, and provide adequate personal protective equipment.
This article explains how the system surrounding long term care work needs to change, suggesting that we must “dismantle the nursing home industry that places profits over lives as they endanger their workers and operates with inadequate oversight and regulation”.
Examining the impacts of COVID-19 on the LGBTQ2+ community
Published: May 29, 2020
As COVID-19 continues to spread, its impact has been hard hitting especially for vulnerable populations. The inequities in society have been further magnified and it is evident that the LGBTQ2+ community is faced with increased difficulties and barriers.
This article discusses the ways in which the LGBTQ2+ community has been impacted by COVID-19, such as increased health care barriers, exposure to violence and loss of economic security, as well as discussing some measures to minimize COVID-19 impacts on the LGBTQ2+ community.
Read more here: http://psacunion.ca/examining-impacts-covid-19-lgbtq2-community
You Say You Want a Revolution? Against Ageism? Now’s the Time
Author: Jeannie Ralston
Published: May 21, 2020
The displays of unabashed ageism over the past few months have been truly horrific. People have been referring to the virus as the Boomer Remover online. Ashton Applewhite believes that there are reasons to be optimistic about COVID-19. She said, “COVID isn’t making ageism worse; it is exposing ageism, ableism, racism, but especially ageism, in society, because people are more aware of it than ever before.”
The way to challenge ageism, according to Applewhite, is to change your own attitude towards age and ageism. Once you are aware of your own biases you start to see it in the world, providing the opportunity to change it.
Why COVID-19 Is Even More Dangerous For Black Women
Author: Eternity Martis
Published: May 19, 2020
The “COVID-19 has made such scrutiny so much worse: The increase in surveillance, security measures, and law enforcement — ostensibly to protect the population from the spread of the virus — has resulted in the over policing of Black people.”
“I’d like to wear a mask to protect myself like everyone else instead of worrying about looking suspicious, or take a walk to clear my head around the block without fear of seeming out of place”
This article talks about the experience of Black women and girls during the pandemic. When it comes to racial profiling, these individuals have one of the biggest targets on their back now and prior to the pandemic. How we respond to racial profiling today can create a better precedent for how vulnerable people get treated and viewed in a post-COVID-19 world.
Families New to Canada and Financial Well-being During Pandemic
Author: Laetitia Martin
Published: May 21, 2020
During the pandemic, families of all economic status may experience financial losses. Yet, families in poverty are expected to experience greater hardships. According to the Vanier Institute of the Family, the Association for Canadian Studies and Leger, regardless of their immigration status (Canadian-born or not), around 4 to 5 out of 10 respondents stated that they had experienced a decrease in their income because of the pandemic. Immigrants were represented to a higher degree, however, among those for whom this decrease in income caused difficulty in meeting their short-term financial obligations. Nearly 3 out of 10 immigrant families have experienced difficulty meeting their immediate financial obligations during the pandemic.
Family Finances and Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Author: Ana Fostik and Jennifer Kaddatz
Published: May 26, 2020
Data from an April 10-12 survey reports that 38% of men and 34% of women aged 18 and older said that they lost their job temporarily or permanently or experienced pay or income losses due to the COVID-19 pandemic according to the Vanier Institute of the Family, the Association for Canadian Studies (ACS) and Leger.
Adults in Financial difficulty are more likely to report mental health issues. Statistics Canada recently found that adults who suffered a major or moderate impact of the pandemic were much more likely to report fair or poor mental health than those who were less impacted.
Intersectionality Offers a Radical Rethinking of COVID-19
Author: Olena Hankivsky and Anuj Kapilashrami
Published: May 15, 2020
COVID-19 has greatly disrupted modern life on a global level. However, the virus does not impact everyone equally, prompting calls to account for the needs, vulnerabilities, and violations experienced by women, migrants, people with disabilities, and elderly people.
This article describes how intersectionality (the relation between factors such as age, ethnicity, sex, gender, health status, etc) has been ignored when looking at the data relating to COVID-19. Bringing attention to the intersection between these factors can ensure a more equitable and effective response to COVID-19. This requires inclusive research and coalition building across governments, organizations, as well as asking tough questions about power.
The Invisible Coronavirus Makes Systemic Gender Inequalities and Injustices Visible
Author: Liane Schalatek
Published: April 30, 2020
The coronavirus has made visible injustices and inequalities that exist in the economic, environmental and social sectors of life. The COVID-19 pandemic is not the root cause of these inequalities, but a reinforcer of the discriminatory and unjust ways of thinking that have been built into our systems and communities, including oppressing, utilizing and victimizing women and girls in many areas of daily life.
Through this pandemic, it became evident that the dominant economic system has utilized existing gender stereotypes and minimized women’s and girls’ contributions to sustaining societies, such as by making care work largely invisible, underappreciated, underpaid and undervalued. Therefore, the fight against the coronavirus must be comprehensive and systemic to attack the discrimination and inequality that is ingrained in so many aspects of life.
This report contains many sections that describe the effect of COVID-19 on women and how they are to overcome it.
II. Feminist Focus on and Women’s Leadership for a Post-Pandemic Systems Change
III. Gender-Differentiated Economic Impacts from COVID-19 in Both Crisis and Recovery
IV. Putting a Spotlight on Care Work
V. Gendered Health Implications
VI. Gendered Safety and Security Implications
VII. Outlook – Overcoming the Pandemic and Building Resilience Against Future Emergencies by Investing in Human Rights, Gender Equality and Expanding Human Security
Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women; F-Word: Call for Submissions 2020
The new edition of the F-Word from the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women wants to hear about young women's experiences during COVID-19. This platform enables them to share their thoughts and priorities on women’s equality in Canada especially during times of crisis such as now. Young women are encouraged to share their analysis, art or photography with the CRIAW to express what they are thinking, saying, feeling and creating during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Applications will be accepted from May 4, 2020 to June 1, 2020
More information: https://www.criaw-icref.ca/en/page/call-for-submissions-2020
COVID-19 at the Intersection of Gender and Disability: Findings of a Global Human Rights Survey
Author: Women Enabled International
Published: May 2020
The Women Enabled International (WEI) identified a gap in initial global responses to COVID-19 regarding women, girls, non-binary and trans persons with disabilities. The WEI created a WEI COVID-19 Survey to better understand the experiences of these individuals during this pandemic.
The survey identified topics regarding their concerns surrounding healthcare, violence, support services, income, and education. Survey respondents reported that their mental and physical health were being negatively impacted by the crisis and feared they would not be able to access the help or meet their basic needs. This report summarizes the Survey, giving insight to the experiences of many women, girls, non-binary and trans persons with disabilities during this pandemic. The report also lists key recommendations that governments should follow to be more inclusive during this challenging time.
How to Ensure a Disability-Inclusive Response to COVID-19
Author: Rebecca Root
Published: May 7, 2020
“The coronavirus response plans are leaving people with disabilities behind, according to advocates who are pushing for immediate corrective action,” said Jimmy Innes, chief executive at Action on Disability and Development International.
People with disabilities are disproportionately affected by the impacts of COVID-19 and are disproportionately left out of the response to COVID-19. These individuals are being left behind due to limited government policies set in place to assist them. This article explains measures that organizations and governments can take to ensure people with disabilities are not being left behind when tackling crises such as COVID-19. Some measures include:
1. Inclusion in response plans
2. Make information accessible
3. Ensure access to health services
4. Ensure access to regular services
Policy Brief: A Disability Inclusive Response
Author: United Nations Sustainble Developement Group
Date: May 2020
This Policy Brief highlights the impact of COVID- 19 on persons with disabilities and in doing so, outlines key actions and recommendations
to make the response and recovery inclusive of persons with disabilities. While the brief contains specific recommendations focusing on key sectors, it identifies four overarching areas of action that are applicable for all.
Policy Brief: The Impact of COVID-19 on older persons
Author: United Nations Sustainable Developement Group
Date: May 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic is causing untold fear and suffering for older people across the world. As of 26 April, the virus itself has already taken the lives of some 193,710 people1, and fatality rates for those over 80 years of age is five times the global average.2 As the virus spreads rapidly to developing countries, likely overwhelming health and social protection systems, the mortality rate for older persons could climb even higher.
Less visible but no less worrisome are the broader effects: health care denied for conditions unrelated to COVID-19; neglect and abuse in institutions and care facilities; an increase in poverty and unemployment; the dramatic impact on well-being and mental health; and the trauma of stigma and discrimination.
This policy brief elaborates on these impacts and identifies both immediate and longer-term policy and programmatic responses needed across four key priorities for action.
UoG's Gender Equity Covid-19 in the Time of Covid-19
Canadians with disabilities left with few alternatives amid COVID-19 shutdowns
Author: Tashauna Reid, CBC
Published: April 9, 2020
For the six million people who live with a disability in Canada, measures surrounding COVID-19 have posed unique challenges, from increasing isolation to families not being able to get respite support to broader fears around contracting the disease. While the federal government has been rolling out financial support for Canadians, they haven't addressed the specific challenges encountered by people with disabilities and their families and caregivers.
National Survey Results: The Impact of COVID-19 on the LGBTQI2S Community
Through an in-kind partnership with INNOVATIVE Research Group, Egale presents a timely study that highlights the unique impact that the COVID-19 crisis has on Canada’s LGBTQI2S community.
The COVID-19 crisis has affected the employment security for a majority (53%) of Canada’s LGBTQI2S households.
An estimated half of Canada’s LGBTQI2S household have faced lay-offs or reduced employment hours as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. This compares to 39% of overall Canadian households.
Compared to the average Canadian household, the LGBTQI2S community is less confident in their households’ current financial situation as well as their ability to bounce back if they were to lose their job.
Read it all here: https://egale.ca/egale-in-action/covid19-impact-report/
Coronavirus is not the ‘great equalizer’ — race matters
Author: Roberta K. Timothy
Published: April 6, 2020
The fear and mistrust of health systems expressed by many in Black, Indigenous and racialized communities stem from historical eugenic practices of both governments and individual doctors. These communities have experienced systemic racist violence for generations. They have recently experienced xenophobic responses to COVID-19 and historically, other health crises.
I’m disabled and need a ventilator to live. Am I expendable during this pandemic?
College Made Them Feel Equal. The Virus Exposed How Unequal Their Lives Are.
Author: Nicholas Casey
Published: April 4, 2020
“This crisis is exposing that a lot of people don’t have anywhere to go.”, an American student says as her Native country, Russia, closes its borders. Switching courses to an online format exarcebates inequities among students, as responsibilities, settings, and access pose additional barriers to students from historically marginalized groups.
Pandemics and Violence against Women and Children
Published: April 1, 2020
Times of economic uncertainty, civil unrest and disaster are linked to a myriad of risk factors for increased violence against women and children (VAW/C). Based on existing published and grey literature, the authors identify nine key pathways linking pandemics and VAW/C, through effects of (on):
- economic insecurity and poverty-related stress,
- quarantines and social isolation,
- disaster and conflict-related unrest and instability,
- exposure to exploitative relationships due to changing demographics,
- reduced health service availability and access to first responders,
- inability of women to temporarily escape abusive partners,
- virus-specific sources of violence,
- exposure to violence and coercion in response efforts, and
- violence perpetrated against health care workers.
They argue that the issue of violence against women and children must be mitigated in three ways, namely by better understanding the extent of the problem, elucidating mechanisms and linkages with other social and economic factors and informing intervention and response options.
‘We Have Always Been Disposable’: the Structural Violence of Neoliberal Healthcare
Author: Megan Linton
Published: March 31, 2020
The marriage of neoliberalism and the medical industrial complex has had disastrous results in Canada, even without the presence of a pandemic. This toxic relationship has led to decades of healthcare cuts, privatization of services, and warehousing of disabled and elder populations. Now, COVID-19 is exacerbating an already broken system.
Reactions To #COVID19 Threaten Gains In Diversity, Inclusion And Belonging
Author: Dr. Malinda S. Smith
Published: March 31, 2020
This thread explores numerous issues related to the importance of diversity and inclusion in higher education, as well as challenges of growing these areas.
Some of the issues include
- Why we need diversity in leadership in this time of crisis
- Teaching Remotely: Challenges to Diversity and Inclusion
- Racism in times of Covid-19
- Inequity in the Academic Pipeline
Pandemic punctures child-care illusion
Author: Susan Prentice
Published: March 25, 2020
Child-care services are essential for working parents, meaning that what we used to call "daycare" is critical for economic functioning.
Susan Prentice asks why child care policies are missing in most regions of Canada?
My Life Is More ‘Disposable’ During This Pandemic: The ableism and ageism being unleashed is its own sort of pestilence.
Author: Elliot Kukla
Published: March 19, 2020
A truly important read. We hear that the coronavirus 'only' impacts the elderly and those with underlying conditions. This type of language minimizes the life of disable, ill, and elder people, even more so of brown, black, queer bodies.
Rabbi Kukla entangles ableist and ageist practices of the Holocaust, lack of response to the AIDS pandemic, and the curren Covid-19 pandemic, in order to illustrate how the lives of disabled, ill, and older people are made and assumed disposable. These events, yet, also show how care and love can be fostered among strangers.
The Coronavirus Is a Disaster for Feminism
Author: Helen Lewis
Published: March 19, 2020
As much of normal life is suspended for three months or more, job losses are inevitable. At the same time, school closures and household isolation are moving the work of caring for children from the paid economy—nurseries, schools, babysitters—to the unpaid one.
Consequences for developing countries are severe. Lessons from the Ebola epidemic illustrate that effects will be seen during this crisis in the developed world. School closures affected girls’ life chances, because many dropped out of education. (A rise in teenage-pregnancy rates exacerbated this trend.) Domestic and sexual violence rose. And more women died in childbirth because resources were diverted elsewhere.
Migrant worker groups slam new Canadian border restrictions
Author: Shree Paradkar
Published: March 16, 2020
This article explores the implications of closing Canadian borders to international citizens, which includes people living in Canada under student and working visas. A number of organizations representing migrant workers have mobilized to demand health care for all, and stronger labour laws that can protext the well-being of migrant workers.